Survey Results: Final Energy Consumption in Households, 2009
On the basis of the results of an ad hoc survey carried out by the Statistical Service, a typical household in Cyprus is estimated to consume for its total energy needs a quantity of 1.142 kgoe (kilograms of oil equivalent) and to spend an amount of €1.374. Energy consumption is allocated to end use categories as follows: 44,8% for space heating, 5,7% for water heating, 8,3% for space cooling, 14,0% for cooking and 27,2% for electrical appliances and lighting. In particular, a typical household annually consumes 6.288 KWh of electricity, 355 litres of heating oil, 44 litres of kerosene, 125 kg of liquefied petroleum gas, 244 kg of biomass (e.g. wood) and 48 kg of charcoal.
Nearly all households (98,4%) use some kind of equipment/system for heating part of their residence during the cold period of the year. The majority of households uses portable heaters as the main equipment for space heating (39,3%), while a notable proportion is equipped with a central heating system (29,2%) and air conditioning split units (16,9%). The use of fireplaces (7,3%), EAC storage heaters (4,8%) and stoves or other equipment (0,9%) is less frequent. On average, households heat only a surface area of about 90 sq. metres, compared to a total average area of 168 sq. metres of their residence. The grand majority of households (68%) operate their main space heating equipment for 3 to 4 months per year, while a proportion of 46,2% uses their heating equipment for 3 to 5 hours a day. The annual energy consumption of a typical household for space heating comprises on average 642 KWh of electricity, 331 litres of heating oil, 42 litres of kerosene, 50 kg of liquefied petroleum gas and 231 kg of biomass.
The percentage of households that use air conditioning for space cooling during the hot period of the year is also quite high (80,8%). On average, during the hot period, households cool only 50 sq. metres of their residence compared to the 168 sq. metres total average area of their residence. The air conditioning units are of relatively modern technology, since more than 70% have been installed in the last decade, of which about half in the last five years. The annual energy consumption of a typical household for space cooling is 1.107 KWh of electricity, while the average installed capacity of air conditioning units per household is of the order of 32.300 Btu (or 9,47 KW).
Most of the households (91,6%) have solar heaters installed for their water heating needs, while a notable proportion of 29,3% use their central heating system also for water heating. The use of continuous flow water heaters and stand alone – not solar – water heaters with a storage tank is far less frequent (used only by 11,6% and 4,6% of households respectively). The annual energy consumption of a typical household for water heating comprises on average 382 KWh of electricity, 24 litres of heating oil, 2 litres of kerosene, 8 kg of liquefied petroleum gas and 2 kg of biomass.
The households’ energy needs for cooking purposes proved to be particularly high. The annual energy consumption of a typical household for cooking comprises on average 554 KWh of electricity, 67 kg of liquefied petroleum gas, 11 kg of wood and 48 kg of charcoal.
As regards electricity consumption for the operation of electrical appliances and lighting, it is estimated that a typical household consumes annually 3.603 KWh. Nearly all households are equipped with a television set (99,1%), a refrigerator-freezer (99%), an electric iron (96,2%) and a clothes washing machine (93,7%). On the contrary, the use of satellite dishes (29,9%), clothes dryers (30,5%) and plates washing machines (44,6%) is less common. On average, appliances being more intensely used on a weekly basis are television sets (46 hours), computers (31 hours) and clothes washing machines (7 hours of weekly use).
The use of renewable energy sources and the use of heat insulation measures in residences is very limited. Beyond the extensive use of solar panels for water heating purposes (91,6% of households), the penetration of other renewable installations (e.g. photovoltaic panels) is extremely limited. Regarding heat insulation measures, only double glazing (installed in 43,2% of households) is commonly available, while the use of heat insulation on external walls (7,5%) or roofs (5,5%) is rather limited.
The Survey on Final Energy Consumption in Households was carried out by the Statistical Service for the first time. The reference year for the survey was 2009. The survey was addressed to households, whose residents had their permanent or usual residence in Cyprus, irrespective of their citizenship or country of origin. The survey sample comprised 3.300 households, distributed in all administrative districts and areas (urban and rural) of the country and was representative of the population structure.
The survey was partly financed by the European Commission.
Further information can be obtained from the web site of the Statistical Service under the statistical theme “Energy and Environment”.
FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN HOUSEHOLDS, 2009