The eCustoms Decision 70/2008/EU for a paperless Customs environment is the base for the “Electronic Customs” initiative.
Furthermore, the Community Customs Legislation on Safety and Security in Europe provides for electronic submission of declarations and electronic exchange of information between the Customs administrations. Reg. 648/05 amending the Community Customs Code Reg. 2913/92 and Reg. 1875/06, 312/09 and 414/09 amending the Implementing Provisions Reg. 2454/93 are relative.
The Modernized Customs Code Reg. 450/08 provides that all declarations to Customs and all exchange of information between the Customs authorities shall be made electronically.
The application and operation of electronic customs systems aims at the following:
a) Facilitate import and export procedures;
Details for the Electronic Customs systems are included in the Multi-annual Strategic Plan (MASP) which is prepared and agreed by the Commission and all EU member states. Priority has been given in the development and operation of systems that are essential for the application of the Safety and Security legislation.
b) Reduce compliance and administrative costs;
c) Improve clearance times;
d) Coordinate the approach to the control of goods and application of the legislation;
e) Ensure proper collection of Community duties and charges;
f) Enable the seamless flow of data between the parties involved and allow re-use of data.
The priority systems are listed below:
Import Customs Declarations (click here for sample of electr. import declaration for free circulation and consumption) and Import Manifest at national level may be submitted electronically through THESEAS Customs Electronic systems.
The Import, Export and Transit Directory (IET) at OLAF (European Commission anti-fraud office) collects information on the movement of goods for customs purposes from the Export Control System (ECS), Import System (THESEAS) and National Transit Application (MCC). The information collected usually refers to companies, but may also refer to individuals.
You can find further information on the data collected by the IET in Privacy Statement for IET.